The genocide of Mandyam Iyengars by the tyrant Tipu Sultan

PAANCHAJANYA JULY 11,2016

Tipu Sultan, glorified as the Tiger Of Mysore by many Indian historians was responsible for the destruction of cultural heritage in south India during his rule. He was involved in many inhuman killings among which most commonly known are the killings of unarmed kodavas at Devatiparambu and nairs at Malabar. But many people ignore the uprisings which constantly took place at Mysore during his tenure and how Tipu crushed it by killing hundreds of unarmed civilians including women and children. Tipu_Sultan_BL Tipu Sultan (Portrait in London Library) Tipu ruled his kingdom only for about sixteen years, from December 29, 1782 to May 4, 1799. The territory of Malabar was under his effective control only for a short period of eight years. He had a treacherous Divan by the name Purnaiyya. Purnaiyya had managed to gather some 90,000 soldiers, 3 crore rupees, and huge quantities of gold ornaments and precious stones from the Hindu population for Tipu. Seeing this wealth Tipu wanted to rule South India and wanted to become an Emperor of India. Tipu had to defeat first the British to become an emperor. For this purpose, Tipu consulted many Hindu astrologers in Sri Ranganatha Swami temple at Srirangapatnam. These astrologers did not see Tipu becoming an emperor, but suggested that if some of the suggested remedial Hindu rituals were performed; he could achieve his cherished ambition. Believing these sayings of the astrologers, Tipu performed all Hindu pujas in the Sri Ranaganatha Swami temple as suggested by the astrologers. This act is being widely interpreted by leftist and minority historians as the love and respect for Hindu religion and traditions by Tipu. But there is a long list of Hindu temples that were desecrated and razed down by Tipu and his moslem army in South India mainly in Kodagu and Malabar. On the eve of his death there were only two Hindu temples left standing with in the Srirangapatanam fortress.

When Hyder Ali captured the throne of Mysore in a treacherous way from Immadi Krishnaraja Wodeyar II, the royal family of Mysore was kept under house arrest. But the queen of Wodeyar, Lakshmi Ammani Devi constantly made efforts for restoration of the rule of Mysore royal family after looking at various atrocities committed on the hindu population by the government. She started negotiating with the british in 1760s with the help of her Pradhan, Tirumala Iyengar which resulted in the imprisonment of relatives of Tirumala Iyengar by Hyder Ali. These people were called as Mandyam Iyengars and they lived between Mandya and Srirangapatnam area, mainly in Melkote. Some years later during his rule, Tipu came to know of an agreement between General Harris, the then Governor of Madras, and Tirumala iyengar. As he already was trying to destroy the allies of british by repeatedly waging wars on the kingdom of Travancore, Tipu decided to end the other uprisings happening against his atrocities in his kingdom. Hence Tipu thought of massacring the Iyengars who were living in Melkote. The day he selected for this was Naraka Chaturdashi. When all Mandyam Iyengars were immersed in Deepavali celebrations, Tipu’s men entered Melkote and massacred at least 800 people including women and children. The survivors abandoned Melkote and ran away and the town became a ghost town. Friends and relatives of Tirumala Iyengar were killed in cold blood. Thus Naraka Chaturdashi became a black day in the history of Mandyam Iyengars belonging to Bharadwaja gothra who were the people massacred on this fateful day. After the genocide of these Brahmins of Karnataka, their descendents till date have not celebrated a single Deepavali festival. The cruelty inflicted on the innocents has parallel only to the christian Nazi concentration camps of the second world war. The Karnataka Brahmins belonging to community of the Mandyam Iyengars of Bharadwaja gothra observe Deepavali as a Dark Day. As per the reputed historian, Benjamin Lewis Rice, who wrote the History of Mysore, he states Tipu as a muslim fanatic. As per B. L. Rice, on the eve of Tipus death there were only two Hindu temples left standing within the Srirangapatanam fortress. It was only for the satisfaction of his Hindu astrologers who bluffed Tipu that he will one day be an emperor of entire India that Tipu had spared those two temples. The entire wealth of every Hindu temple was looted before 1790 itself by Tipu. The result of Tipus brutal conversion of Hindus in the south India is there for everybody to see today. Hindu population and prosperity were reduced in the areas where Tipu ruled. In these mini Pakistans, muslims run a mini Islamic state with many youths abducting hindu women from the regions of malabar and south karnataka and joining terrorist organizations like ISIS, Taliban etc., Thus it is left or us to decide whether to not repeat the mistakes which were earlier made to avoid such genocides or let them just unfold by singing the praise of such tyrants.

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The Blood Bath Of Kodavas -Mukkatira Mac Thimmaiah

Tall, well built, brave, beautiful and courageous are just few words commonly used to describe Kodava race. Kodava tribe has come a long way to earn the title warrior popularly known in Indian army as Kodava Warriors. The history of Kodavas is definitely one of the most fascinating and the bloodiest among any other civilization in India. My article is based on facts that are documented by historians and based on books which have highlighted the bloodbath of Kodava warriors, The article concentrates on Tippu and his cold blooded killings.

If Kodava today is one of the second least populated race in this world, it’s because of a barbaric character from the history known to people as Tippu Sultan. There were repeated attempts to capture Kodagu by Tippu and his father Hyder Ali before him. Tippus barbarism reached its peak from 1760 to 1790 and this period is considered as one of the most gruesome era in the history of Kodavas. Tippu’s closest commander Mir Kirmani on his book reveals the incidence pertaining to Tippu’s brutality and religious conversion. During the year 1760 – 1780 Tippu destroyed more than 600 temples across Kodagu. His cruelty and self-obsession had reached its peak when his closest left him in the final war with British where Tippu died in stampede, He was not shot by Brits. When Tippu first invaded Kodagu with his well-equipped 15000 army men carrying French Cannon with a intention of conquering Kodagu overnight Kandanda Doddaiah and Appachira Mandanna with their troop of 5000 Kodavas retaliated against Tippu’s army near Suntikoppa only to defeat Tippu’s army and chase them out of Kodagu . This war with Tippu is documented in Hunsoor literature which states “Kari Kupasu totha Kodavaru Kari Dumbhi anthe tippuvinatha nugi, hodedhodisidharu” Historians say this was a war of bravery verse strength and by the time Tippu realized the courage of Kodava’s he was defeated. Tippu popularly known and projected today as Tiger of Mysore and pride of Karnataka was defeated by Kodava 31 times during 25 years of war and this humiliation forced Tippu to seek revenge on Kodava. Kodavas were the master of the guerrilla warfare hence they succeeded every time in ambushing Tippu.
In the year 1771, Tippu with a large army attacked Madikeri fort post which he captured Bhagamandala and converted the entire Bhagandeshwara temple and its premises to a fort. He had also chopped the elephants belonging to the temple, documents for the same is available in the temple even today. After capturing Bhagamandala as a tribute to himself Tippu placed a stone titled “Salam Kallu” which can be seen on the way to Talacavery, A evidence which even today tells the stories of brutality and bloodbath. After 15 years of war and retaliation with Kodavas, Tippu had understood he would not be able to capture the entire Kodagu which would provide him easy access to Mangalore port hence he wanted to try something different. Something, which resulted in one of the biggest genocide of human race.
Tippu sent a message to naal naad Kodavas inviting them for a negotiation stating his main enemies were Marathas and British hence he would want to end the war with Kodava and head back to Srirangapatana. Learning about the invite Kodavas from naal naad gathered with their family on 13th of December 1785 at Devatiparambu located on banks of the river Cavery to negotiate and bid bye to the decade long war. As Sun set behind the mountains of Kodagu, Kodava came to Devatiparambu unarmed mean while half of Tippu’s army was deployed inside the forest waiting for Kodavas to gather as a part of his cowardly plan, once Tippu was sure he had unarmed men trapped he ordered his army to massacre all Kodava present at Devatiparambu, troops hiding behind the bushes pounded on unarmed men, women and kids slaughtering more than 70,000 and capturing about 90,000 Kodavas and were deported to Seringapatam. The captured women and children’s were subjected to immense physical and mental torture the young men were all forcibly circumcised and incorporated into the Ahmedy Corps (name of Tippu’s army). The captured were subjected to forcible conversions to Islam, death, and torture. It’s said scale of massacre was so huge that the water in the Cavery river turned red due to blood oozing out of the dead bodies and continued to flow red in color for 12 consecutive days. Many who were captured were converted to Islam and sent back to Kodagu called themselves as Kodava Mapilas. There are about 60 Kodava Mapilas family residing in Kodagu. They share same family names as that of Kodavas. in Devanageri village, Puliyanda Kodava mapilas resides and in the regions surrounding Virajpet, there are Muslim family names like Kuvalera, Italtanda, Mitaltanda, Kuppodanda, Kappanjeera. Similarly, in the Madikeri taluk, there are Kalera, Chekkera, Charmakaranda, Maniyanda, Balasojikaranda, and Mandeyanda in the Hoddur village in Madikeri tatalu.
Kodava mapilas also use Kodava Ornaments, Mandamada Kodava mapilas still use tookbolcha in their home, at the temples in Bshettigeri and Hudikeri, Karthura and Mandamada Kodava mapilas are priests. At yemmemadu dargah festival even to this date Kodava mapilas start the festival proceedings by offering prayers and flinging rice, Chekkera and Kalera Kodava mapilas are takkanga at yemmemadu.
The existence of these Kodava Mapilas are another living evidence reflecting the barbarism of Tippu on Kodavas. Tippu believed in destroying temples in Kodagu, during his course of destruction he happened to destroy a bhagavadhi temple near Kotakeri and burnt Biddatanda ainmane where he captured 48 innocent people and took them along to Seringapatam among these 40 people Appanna managed to escape and returned to his village in Kodagu however Appanna was out casted since villagers thought he was converted to Islam. Appanna lived alone till death near a pond which is called Appannajjanda Kere. The pond can be found even today. The remains of the Biddatanda Ain-Mane which was burnt with people inside shouting for help tells the horrific mindset of Tippu and his brigade.
Tippu after capturing Madikeri fort set his eyes on removing Kalasa from the Omkareshwara temple and replaced it with the domb which is another architectural evidence for destruction Tippu carried out during his rule. Tippu also wanted to abolish Kannada completely and hence he introduced Persian language into his administration . The persian words like “Dhapan, Barcas and Jammabandi ”still used in our land documents at Kodagu shows Tippu at any cost wanted to eliminate Kannada from Karnataka. Its irony that government wants to celebrate Tippu’s birthday across Karnataka. The evidence not only indicates that he was not a conqueror but a religious fanatic and a dictator who believed in ethical cleansing of Kodavas and other community in south India.
The evidence for the bloodiest history of Kodagu and Kodava exist even today and is documented. A history which is filled with inhumanness, violence and genocide a history which is today rewritten by politicians to lionize a mass murderer and efforts to project him as a hero is not only hurting the sentiments of Kodava but it’s also sending out a wrong message about our history to the future generation of this country. A man who lost the battle 31 times and killed the brave Kodava warriors by infidelity can never be a Hero. Tippu was an invader, a dictator a coward and a Murderer of human race and glorifying such inhuman personality is absolute shame and disgrace to humanity. The real history needs to be told to the next generation for them to know who the real warriors of the Kodava Land were.

Contact : m2thimmaiah@gmail.com

Thotakshtakam

Thotakashtakam besides being a hymn to adi acharya, this hymn is of great importance to Periyava. We have heard in so many interviews and told by great devotees like Sri Ghatam Subash mama where Periyava, no matter how busy He is, will immediately divert His attention and bless the ones who are chanting. Let us chant this beautiful stuthi to get blessed by acharyas.

Here is the beautiful and rare vide of Periyava talking about Thotakashtakam.

विदिताखिलशास्त्रसुधाजलधे

महितोपनिषत् कथितार्थनिधे |
हृदये कलये विमलं चरणं
भव शंकर देशिक मे शरणम् ||१||

viditAkhilasAstrasudhAjaladhE
mahitOpanishat kathitArthanidhE |
hridayE kalayE vimalam charaNam
bhava sankara dEsika mE saraNam || (1)

விதிதாகில சாஸ்த்ர ஸுதா ஜலதே,
மஹிதோபநிஷத்கதிதார்தநிதே |
ஹ்ருதயே கலயே விமலம் சரணம்,
பவ சங்கர தேசிக மே சரணம் || 1.

Oh, Thou, the knower of the entire ocean of milk of scriptures, He Who teaches the truths found in the great treasure chest of the Upanishads ! I meditate on Thy faultless feet. Be Thou my refuge, Oh, Master Sankara.

करुणावरुणालय पालय मां
भवसागरदुःखविदूनहृदम् |
रचयाखिलदर्शनतत्त्वविदं
भव शंकर देशिक मे शरणम् ||२||

karuNAvaruNAlaya pAlaya mAm
bhavasAgara dukhkha vidUnahridam |
rachayAkhiladarsanatattvavidam
bhava sankara dEsika mE saraNam || (2)

கருணா வருணாலய பாலய மாம்,
பவஸாகர து:க விதூநஹ்ருதம் |
ரசயாகில தர்சந்தத்வ விதம்,
பவ சங்கர தேசிக மே சரணம் || 2.

Oh, Thou Ocean of compassion ! Save me whose heart is tormented by the misery of the sea of birth. Make me understand the truths of all schools of philosophy ! Be Thou my refuge, Master Sankara !

भवता जनता सुहिता भविता
निजबोधविचारण चारुमते |
कलयेश्वरजीवविवेकविदं
भव शंकर देशिक मे शरणम् ||३||

bhavatA janatA suhitA bhavitA
nijabOdhavichAraNa chArumatE |
kalyEsvara jIvavivEkavidam
bhava sankara dEsika mE saraNam || (3)

பவதா ஜநதா ஸுஹிதா பவிதா,
நிஜபோத விசாரணசாருமதே |
கலயேஸ்வர ஜீவ விவேக விதம்,
பவ சங்கர தேசிக மே சரணம் || 3.

By Thee the masses have been made happy, Oh, Thou of noble intellect, skilled in the quest of Self-Knowledge ! Enable me to understand the wisdom relating to God and the Soul. Be Thou my refuge, Oh, Master Sankara!

भव एव भवानिति मे नितरां
समजायत चेतसि कौतुकिता |
मम वारय मोहमहाजलधिं
भव शंकर देशिक मे शरणं ||४||

bhava Eva bhavA niti mE nitarAm
samajAyata chEtasi kowtukitA |
mama vAraya mOhamahAjaladhim
bhava sankara dEsika mE saranam || (4)

பவ ஏவ பவாநிதி மே நிதராம்,
ஸமஜாயத சேதஸி கௌதுகிதா |
மம வாரய மோஹ மஹாஜலதிம்
பவ சங்கர தேசிக மே சரணம் || 4.

Knowing that Thou art verily the Supreme Lord, overwhelming bliss arises in my heart. Protect me from the vast ocean of delusion. Be Thou my refuge, Oh, Master Sankara

सुकृते | अधिकृते बहुधा भवतो
भविता समदर्शनलालसता |
अतिदीनमिमं परिपालय मां
भव शंकर देशिक मे शरणम् ||५||

sukritE(a)dhikritE bahudhA bhavatO
bhavitA samadarsanalAlasatA |
atidInamimam paripAlaya mAm
bhava sankara dEsika mE saraNam || (5)

ஸுக்ருதேதிக்ருதே பஹுதா ,
பவதோ பவிதா ஸமதர்சநலாலஸதா |
அதிதீநமிமம் பரிபாலய மாம் ,
பவ சங்கர தேசிக மே சரணம் || 5.

Desire for the insight in unity through Thy Grace will grow only when virtuous deeds are in abundance – and in all directions. Protect this extremely helpless person. Be Thou my refuge, Master Sankara !

जगतीमवितुं कलिताकृतयो
विचरन्ति महामहसश्छलतः |
अहिमांशुरिवात्र विभासि गुरो
भव शंकर देशिक मे शरणम् ||६||

jagatImavitum kalitAkritayO
vicharanti mahAmahasachalata: |
ahimAmsurivAtra vibhAsi gurO
bhavasankara dEsika mE saraNam || (6)

ஜகதீமவிதும் கலிதாக்ருதயோ
விசரந்தி மஹாமஹஸச்சலத: |
அஹிமாம்சுரிவாத்ர விபாஸி குரோ
பவ சங்கர தேசிக மே சரணம் || 6.

Oh Teacher ! For the purpose of saving the world the Great Ones take various forms and wander in disguise. Of these great Ones, You shine like the sun ! Be Thou my refuge, Oh, Master Sankara!

गुरुपुंगव पुंगवकेतन ते
समतामयतां नहि को | अपि सुधीः |
शरणागतवत्सल तत्त्वनिधे
भव शंकर देशिक मे शरणम् ||७||

guru pungava pungava kEtanatE
samatAmayatAm nahi kOpi sudhIhi |
saraNAgatavatsala tattvanidhE
bhavasankara dEsikamE saraNam || (7)

குருபுங்கவ புங்கவகேதந நே
ஸமதாமயதாம் நஹி கோபி-ஸுதீ: |
சரணாகதவஸ்தல தத்வநிதே
பவ சங்கர தேசிக மே சரணம் || 7.

Oh, Best of Teachers ! Supreme Lord Who has the sacred bull as His banner ! None of the wise Ones is equal to Thee! Thou are compassionate to those who take refuge in Thee! Thou treasure chest of Truth! Be Thou my refuge, Oh, Master Sankara!

विदिता न मया विशदैककला
न च किंचन काञ्चनमस्ति गुरो |
द्रुतमेव विधेहि कृपां सहजां
भव शंकर देशिक मे शरणम् ||८||

viditA na mayA visadaikakalA
na cha kinchana kAnchana masti gurO |
drutamEva vidhEhi krupAm sahajAm
bhava sankara dEsika mE saraNam || (8)

விதிதா ந மயா விசதைககலா
ந ச கிஞ்சந காஞ்சநமஸ்தி குரோ |
த்ருதமேவ விதேஹி க்ருபாம் ஸஹஜாம்
பவ சங்கர தேசிக மே சரணம் || 8.

I do not understand correctly even a single “branch of knowledge”. I do not possess even the least bit of wealth, Oh Teacher, quickly bestow on me Thy Grace. Be Thou my refuge, Oh, Master Sankara!

JAYA JAYA SANKARA
HARA HARA SANKARA

Will of a Woman – WoW

Samuel Butler Quotes in his miscellaneous thoughts that

“The souls of women are so small

That some believe they’ve none at all;

Or, if they have, like cripples still,

They’ve but one faculty, the will.”

This is the story of a woman. The Woman was born to typical middle class parents. She enjoyed her life as child growing up in bustling cosmopolitan city. She was a good student and secured decent grades and was not the topper and nerdy type of student. She was very obedient student and had a whole lot of friends. She was an affectionate daughter and a caring sister to her sibling.

She studied well and grew into a fine woman. She enrolled for a college degree and studied well to graduate in computer sciences. There she fell in love with her class mate life was fun running around trees in the park and meeting him often and sharing the good times.

Suddenly he proposed to her and she was taken aback by surprise and yes she was happy. She was also concerned about her family and was wary about how they shall take this. She accepted his love for her and broke the news to her parents. As typical middle class parents they were surprised and were wary about the proposal brought about by her daughter.

The elder girl had to be married first as per their custom before they can marry off the younger one. Though they did not deny or accept their daughters love, their courtship went on. It was well into their relationship and courtship that she found that her lover is a blue blood royal. She is taken by surprise and is happy that he has not displayed any typical royal traits of high handedness, class treatments et al. As far as she was concerned he was his lover and that’s it. He was also smitten by her beauty and by her faith and loyalty in their relationship.

After a lot of discussion and convincing by her, parents agreed for the wedding. The wedding happened in a grand manner befitting a royal. The boy was the cousin of the heir to the throne of the empire and is well known in social circles and a style icon. The wedding was attended by the who’s who of the city’s social elite. It was a fairy tale wedding indeed.

The marriage went on well and they were a happy go lucky couple and were the envy of all their relatives for being such a lovely and loving couple. The love also bore fruit in the form of a baby boy which was a gift from heaven for the couple. The baby was just the happiness that ruled their lives.  The couple loved each other lavishly and they had settled nice and cosy in their married life. The baby was the apple of their eyes. The years rolled by and the baby grew into a lovely child of four years.

Suddenly what happened nobody knows and they separated. There ensued a bitter legal battle, that formally and legally annulled their marriage. They separated and the baby’s custody was given to the father. The mother was a woman of steel. She ploughed on and sought to enhance her career.

She started to work in some start-ups referred by her friends and was living alone. Though her parents were in the same town she did not stay with them. She chose to be independent and made hard decisions in life. She is a workaholic and an indispensable part of the organisation. She wears a cheerful face and was graceful. Nobody knew of her trauma that she had undergone. This immediately reminds of the Jagjit Singh’s gazhal,

tum itna jo muskura rahe ho

kya gham hai jisko chhupa rahe ho

how is it so that you are smiling so much,

what is the sorrow that you are hiding..

aankhon mein nami, hansi labon par

kya haal hai kya dikha rahe ho

there is wetness in your eyes n smile on the lips,

what’s your condition and what are you trying to show it as.(as in, why are you trying to hide your sadness).

The Woman is, a strong willed one and is clear about her needs in life. One day during Christmas time she came to office all glowing and smiling like never before. The secret of the glow was her son’s arrival for a few days with her. The mother in her just glowed seeing and holding her son in her alms. Whats in store for her in life ahead….only the sands of time have to stand testimony….

This is the will of a woman I am seeing, loving and caring, strong willed, opinionated, hardworking, having clear goals and the need to achieve professionally and sustain herself in life.

The Will of a Woman is indeed a WoW.

An Ode to My Life – Wife – Akila Srinivas

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Flew into my life as a dove
Off you took me to a world unseen
Of people n thoughts sweet n clean
Make me smile that adds a sheen
Stood by me when chips are down
I fretted fought and shouted down
Your smile and thought am one knee down
Many years in our lives fun n frolic
With you around there is no logic
You make my heart skip a beat
Thanks for being my life’s treat
These years are just seven
You made every moment a heaven
Together with love……


Written On Our Wedding Anniversary On May 16, 2015.

​What is maturity? By AdiShankaracharya

1. Maturity is when you stop trying to change others, …instead focus on changing yourself.

2. Maturity is when you accept people as they are.

3. Maturity is when you understand everyone is right in their own perspective.

4. Maturity is when you learn to “let go”.

5. Maturity is when you are able to drop “expectations” from a relationship and give for the sake of giving.

6. Maturity is when you understand whatever you do, you do for your own peace.

7. Maturity is when you stop proving to the world, how intelligent you are.

8. Maturity is when you don’t seek approval from others.

9. Maturity is when you stop comparing with others.

10. Maturity is when you are at peace with yourself.

11. Maturity is when you are able to differentiate between “need” and “want” and are able to let go of your wants.

& last but most meaningful!

12. You gain Maturity when you stop attaching “happiness” to material things !!